Why is Diesel Fuel More Expensive Than Gasoline?

Taxes, Production, and Demand All Play Roles in Higher Prices

diesel vs gasoline new york When people talk about what’s driving higher prices, they often mention the cost of gas—typically unleaded 87 gasoline. But, as pricy as gasoline is today, diesel fuel has become even more expensive. This is very noteworthy as diesel is what fuels most of the fleets that deliver goods, or are used in manufacturing, farming, and more.

For large vehicle fleets, farms, and other commercial ventures, the high price of diesel is an aggravating reality of life. Its on-road and off-road uses make it indispensable for many businesses. But why is diesel generally priced higher than gasoline? To answer this, we first need to understand how the two fuels are different:

The Differences Between Diesel and Unleaded Gasoline

Like gasoline, diesel is made from refined crude oil, but it is less flammable and less volatile than gas and delivers a lot more power. The distillation process separates the different hydrocarbons that compose either gasoline or diesel. Here are some essential differences:

Functionally, diesel produces 10 to 20 percent more energy in combustion than gasoline. So, diesel engines get more mileage per gallon of diesel than gas engines.

So What Makes Diesel More Expensive Per Gallon Than Gasoline?

There are three factors that contribute to diesel’s higher price point compared to gasoline:

  1. Increasing production costs originating from a 2014 Environmental Protection Agency standard. This regulation requires all diesel to limit its sulfur to 15 parts per million. This lowered diesel emissions significantly, but it also raised the expense of refining it.
  2. Higher taxes. The federal motor fuel excise tax is 18.4 cents per gallon for gasoline by 24.4 cents per gallon for diesel. States also impose higher taxes on diesel.
  3. Demand is nearly always higher for diesel. Freighters, tractors, trains, forklifts, construction equipment—you name it, they all need diesel to run.

One barrel of crude oil only produces about 11-12 gallons of diesel, compared to 19-20 for gasoline.

For Local Diesel Delivery Solutions, Depew Energy is the #1 Choice

When your business depends on every truckload of diesel fuel, that fuel is more than just a line item in your budget. You need a partner who will deliver true value at a fair price. As a local, independent fuel company here in the Hudson Valley, we can’t do much to reverse the high taxes, refining costs, and demand driving up diesel prices (not to mention global conflicts, market speculation and OPEC cutting production). But we CAN help make your diesel fueling easier!

Our commercial and business partnerships are important to us, and that’s why we strive to deliver real value that goes beyond competitive prices. Our friendly staff has fuel management expertise that takes the stress and guesswork out of commercial fuel deliveries. We’ve got the experience to understand your needs and help you plan, schedule, and manage your fuel deliveries. We can also help you track your fuel usage to reduce waste and improve efficiency. And we can work with you to plan a fueling station right at your business or job site!

We’re always here to take your call. Contact us today to find out how we can make doing business easier for you.